Body volumes and internal space constraints in articulate brachiopods

first_imgBrachiopods were once dominant in all the oceans of the world. but their distributions are non more restricted. There are few species which are found in shallow warm habitats and these are predominantly small. They have exceptionally low metabolic rates and exhibit low energy lifestyles. The majority of living articulate brachiopods are punctate (possessing mantle extensions. or caeca. which traverse the shell). Evidence produced hei-e suggests that the evolution of these phenomena may have been strongly affected by architectural constraints placed on articulate brachiopods by the use of the lophophore for feeding and respiration. They are essentially space limited because of the large volume needed for this organ. In some punctate brachiopods over 75% of their total body volume may be occupied by the lophophore and mantle cavity. This figure is only 60% in an impunctate (no caeca) species and may be only 20% in bivalve molluses. The implications are that caeca evolved to reduce pressure on space requirements, that maximum sizes may be set by the scaling patterns of space allocation and metabolic efficiency is a consequence of space constraints. Current distribution patterns may be strongly affected by the low metabolism and low energy lifestyles. The relative success of small brachiopods in warm shallow seas may have been facilitated by the scaling patterns of space allocations which show small specimens to have similar mantle cavity volumes to bivalve molluscs.last_img read more

Geothermal environments in Antarctica

first_imgGeothermal environments in Antarctica have profound ecological and scientific value. They are single points of heat and moisture in an icy and dry landscape, and provide habitats for diverse living organisms, some of which are found nowhere else on Earth. They may have provided refuges through repeated glacial cycles for diverse moss and invertebrate communities, crucially stabilizing populations in non-geothermal sites over long time periods. The unique features of these sites render them easily impacted, with physical damage and foreign biological contamination being the principal concerns. To address the need to manage activities that impact terrestrial geothermal environments in Antarctica, a Code of Conduct has been developed by SCAR and endorsed by Antarctic Treaty Parties.last_img read more

US DOI approves rights-of-way permits for $38.7bn Alaska LNG Pipeline

first_img The Alaska LNG is being developed by Alaska Gasline Development Corporation. (Credit: Photo by Bob Wick, Bureau of Land Management) The US Department of the Interior (DOI) has approved the rights-of-way permits for the Alaska Gasline Development Corporation’s (AGDC) $38.7bn Alaska LNG Pipeline Project.The Alaska LNG is an integrated project, involving development of a 20 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) liquefaction facility at Nikiski, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, US.It also includes the construction of approximately 807-mile-long pipeline capable of transporting up to 3.9 billion cubic feet of gas per day to the liquefaction facilities.Additionally, the project involves the construction of a gas treatment plant in the Prudhoe Bay; and two additional natural gas pipelines connecting production units to the gas treatment plant.The project secured the new permits across federal lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and National Park Service (NPS).In a statement, DOI said: “These decisions, which adopt the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s (FERC) environmental impact statement (EIS), establish the environmental protections for wetlands, wildlife, recreation access and other resources that will govern access for a liquified natural gas pipeline; a major step in the permit process for the project.”Alaska LNG project to create up to 15,000 jobs during construction phaseThe project is expected to create up to 15,000 jobs during the initial construction and design phases and additional 1,000 jobs once operational.Subject to securing permits, AGDC plans to construct and operate the Alaska LNG project to transport natural gas for export to foreign markets and provide for in-state gas deliveries.Land and Minerals Management principal deputy assistant secretary Casey Hammond said:  “This project will enable more Alaska-produced energy to enter the market through modern, efficient technology and create opportunities for Americans.”In June 2020, AGDC has reduced the cost estimate for the Alaska LNG Project by 12% of $5.5bn to $38.7bn from the previous estimate of $44.2bn. The Alaska LNG is an integrated project involving the development of a 20 million tonnes per annum liquefaction facility at Nikiskilast_img read more

Congressman Bucshon’s Opioid Addiction Treatment Bill Passes House

first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare WASHINGTON, D.C.) – Legislation authored by Reps. Larry Bucshon, M.D. (R-IN) and Paul Tonko (D-NY) to improve and reform the treatment for opioid use disorder passed the House floor on Wednesday.“Most of us know someone – a family member, friend, or neighbor – who has been impacted by this epidemic in some way.  Unfortunately, opioid abuse and addiction are on the rise in Indiana and around the country. That’s why it’s so important we work together on a comprehensive solution to improve our efforts on all fronts – treatment practices, prevention measures, and law enforcement,” said Bucshon. “As a physician, I’ve focused on improving access to treatment for Americans battling opioid use disorder. Our bill helps expand access to wide-ranging treatment options and reduce improper use and abuse of treatment medications. I’m proud of the bipartisan support for our efforts and will continue working to see this measure become law.” H.R. 4981, the Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Expansion and Modernization Act, was introduced by Reps. Larry Bucshon, M.D. (R-IN) and Paul Tonko (D-NY) and passed the House Energy and Commerce Committee on April 27, 2016. H.R. 4981 amends the Controlled Substances Act to expand access to medication-assisted opioid addiction treatment, ensures patients have access to a wider range of comprehensive, evidence-based treatment options, and helps minimize the potential for drug diversion. The legislation is the product of months of stakeholder engagement, expert input and bipartisan negotiation.H.R. 4981 passed the House floor and was a part of a comprehensive effort by the House to address opioid abuse and addiction this week.  During debate, Dr. Bucshon spoke on the House floor urging support of legislation he authored to update and reform the treatment of opioid use disorder.Video of his speech can be accessed here: last_img read more

Boardwalk Bounce Launches on Saturday in Ocean City

first_imgInflatables provide the fun at Boardwalk Bounce on the Ocean City Boardwalk at Ninth Street.A new Ocean City Boardwalk attraction filled with bounce houses, slides and a small rock-climbing wall will open on Saturday (May 10).Boardwalk Bounce staged a test run Thursday for a group of local children who had the run of the 5,000-square-foot facility at Ninth Street and the Boardwalk.Construction crews worked through the winter and spring to convert part of the Strand theater into the new indoor attraction. The renovated space features a viewing area for parents with free WiFi access and service for food and drink concessions.The attraction caters to children ages 2 to 12 and includes a special Candy Playland for toddlers.Carter Madden, 2, enjoys the fun during a soft opening of Boardwalk Bounce on Thursday, May 8.Weekend hours starting May 10 are 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Saturday and 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sunday. Boardwalk Bounce will open seven days a week after Memorial Day Weekend. Off-season pricing (until June 21) is $8 per hour.The project marks a milestone in the transformation of a property that first opened as a theater in the 1930s. In the age of the cinema multiplex, the small-town theater had been in decline even before Superstorm Sandy flooded the building in October 2012.A local investment group had recently purchased the property, and they gutted it to remediate for mold, ultimately restoring two of the cinema’s five screens. Boardwalk Bounce fills the remaining space at the Strand. The Strand’s two remaining movie theaters will open for the 2014 season on Memorial Day Weekend.A seating area for parents includes free WiFi access and coffee and food concessions with wait service.The Strand’s sister property, the Moorlyn Family Theatre, a block away on Moorlyn Terrace, was renovated by the Ocean City Tabernacle as a venue for movies, live shows and community events. The two properties now provide a hub of family entertainment at the heart of Ocean City’s Boardwalk.For more information:Visit www.boardwalkbounce.comFollow Boardwalk Bounce on FacebookBoardwalk Bounce is available as a “weather-proof” place for children’s birthday parties, family reunions or summer parties. Visit to learn more.__________Sign up for OCNJ Daily’s free newsletter“Like” us on Facebooklast_img read more


first_imgIn addition to writing, Jennifer currently spends much of her time serving as President of the Ocean City Free Public Library’s Board of Trustees for the third year in a row. She also remains active on several other boards, including the Ocean City Education Foundation, Straight Ahead Ministries, and the Cape Atlantic Fellowship of Christian Athletes. When she is not involved in the above or doesn’t have her nose in a good book, she’s taking care of her most treasured possessions: her husband, teen daughter, and three-year old dog, Sox. She currently writes romance novels for Montlake (a division of Amazon) and Entangled Publishing, having published six full length books and one novella. She won the 2013 Golden Quill Published Authors Contest for Best Traditional Romance with her novel, Sunny Days for Sam. Recently, her novel, Fiance by Fate – a 2015 Reader’s Crown Finalist – became an Amazon #1 best seller for Series Romance. OCEAN CITY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE SALUTE TO WORKING WOMEN SET FOR APRIL 27thOCEAN CITY, NEW JERSEY…… The Ocean City Regional Chamber of Commerce announces that local author, Jennifer Shirk, will receive the 2016 Salute to Working Women Award and will be honored at the Chamber of Commerce Luncheon on April 27th at the Ocean City Yacht Club. The award recognizes women in business for their outstanding professional and personal achievements. Jennifer received her Bachelor Degree in Pharmacy from Rutgers, and was a pharmacist at CVS in both Southern New Jersey and the Boston suburbs during the initial stages of her career, before become an award winning author. The luncheon will honor all working women at home or in the workforce on Wednesday, April 27th at noon at Ocean City Yacht Club. The luncheon is open to the public and is $25 per person. For more information, to make a reservation, or to place a congratulatory ad in the program book, please contact the Chamber office at 609-399-1412 or email us at [email protected]last_img read more

Kingsmill announces involvement in Big Lunch

first_imgKingsmill has announced the first phase of its campaign to support this summer’s Big Lunch event on 3 June – a food-focused lesson programme to run as part of the national curriculum.As sponsors of the The Big Lunch, Kingsmill has organised a programme of activity to drive participation in the event, as well as capitalising on its link to the lunchtime meal occasion in order to drive sales of the brand, said the firm.The nationwide ‘Feed Your Imagination’ initiative, which will run in conjunction with the National Schools Partnership (NSP), will aim to educate children aged 7-11 about food, and bread in particular, in an exciting and engaging way. Six lessons would form part of the national curriculum for this age group, and would offer the chance for the children to learn and understand the importance of food hygiene, provide insights into how food differs around the world and explore different aspects of food packaging.Guy Shepherd, category director, Allied Bakeries, said: “This programme with the NSP aims to be a fun and creative schools initiative, which will see thousands of children across the UK taking part in bread-themed lessons, fuelling the excitement for lunch and ultimately boosting retailers’ bakery sales.” Kingsmill’s programme of events will also feature projects such as designing a bread bin. Other plans to be announced include the launch of a nationwide ‘Fun Lunch Roadshow’, and downloadable ‘Fun Lunch Book’.last_img read more

UK inflation sees four-year low of 2.1%

first_imgThe UK inflation rate continued to decline during November, according to the latest figures.The Office for National Statistics (ONS) said the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) grew by 2.1% in the year to November 2013, down from 2.2% in October.According to ONS, the largest contributions to the fall in the rate came from food and the utilities gas and electricity. These were partially offset by upward contributions from the transport sector and from some aspects of recreation and culture.CPIH grew by 1.9% in the year to November 2013, down from 2% in October. RPIJ grew by 2%, up from 1.9%.last_img read more

Greggs’ 2019 profits to be higher than expected

first_imgFull-year profits at Greggs are “to be higher than previous expectations”, the company has revealed, after seeing double-digit growth in the fourth quarter so far.Announcing a trading update for the six weeks to 9 November 2019, Greggs reported a 12.4% increase in total sales and an 8.3% uplift in like-for-like sales at company-managed shops.Like-for-like performance has held up well against strengthening prior year sales, it added, noting an 8.5% increase in total sales for the comparative period in 2018.“Sales growth continues to be driven by increased customer visits and has been stronger than we had expected given the improving comparative sales pattern that we saw in the fourth quarter last year,” stated Greggs.“Operational costs remain well controlled and, while the comparative sales become stronger still in the balance of the year, the board now anticipates that full-year underlying profit before tax (excluding exceptional charges) will be higher than our previous expectations.”In the year-to-date, total sales have grown by 13.4% and like-for-like sales have increased 9.2%.Earlier this year, Greggs announced that it was developing systems for supplying evening meals following ‘encouraging’ trials. This includes trialling evening opening in some of its stores, offering a range of post-4pm deals such as the successful £2 pizza-plus-drink offer.last_img read more

Priests, students meet to pray, discuss vocation

first_imgFr. Pat Reidy, a 2008 Notre Dame graduate who recently joined the priesthood, spent Wednesday night with undergraduates who might be considering the same calling. Corby Night, held in Corby Hall, was an evening of prayer and conversation between current priests and men considering priesthood on campus. Reidy said the night would give men considering priesthood the opportunity to talk in a comfortable setting within a community that shares a similar understanding and mission. Reidy said he was strongly influenced as an undergraduate by Fr. Jim King, his former rector in Sorin College who told him, “If you’re discerning the religious life, just try it.” The night began with a welcoming by many of the priests in the Holy Cross Seminary. A night prayer service followed, during which Fr. Matt Kuczora delivered a homily about his reasons for becoming a priest. The event concluded with a chance for those interested in any aspect of vocation to have a friendly meet and greet with priests from all over campus. There was no pressure to commit, but the night was meant to “simply let people know of the different opportunities on campus that might help them in discerning how God is calling them to live,” said Fr. Ralph Haag, rector of St. Edward’s Hall. He said he hoped Corby Night would help men move in the direction that God wishes for them to serve, whether or not that includes the priesthood. Kuczora said the priests shared moving stories and reasons for their unique lifestyle, which were meant to help men who attended Corby Night discern their own feelings. The priests encouraged anyone who even slightly feels God’s calling to come and be assisted by a welcoming community. Holy Cross Seminary offers many programs for anyone interested in vocation. For a list of upcoming events and seminary news, visit www.vocation.nd.edulast_img read more