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A simplified method for determining the gross chemical composition of pinniped milk samples

first_imgRecent studies of lactation in wild mammals have emphasised the need for accurate information on milk composition, requiring the analysis of large numbers of samples. A simplified method for determining milk composition in pinnipeds was assessed using samples collected from Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella). The stoichiometric relationships between elemental C, H, and N in the ash-free dry mass were used to determine the organic composition and energy content of samples. The results were compared with those obtained by conventional biochemical analyses. Stoichiometric estimates of lipid content were positively correlated with those obtained by methanol–chloroform extraction (r2 = 0.62, P < 0.0001) but consistently lower (P < 0.0005). The mean difference between the results of the two methods was 3.56 ± 0.89% of total milk volume (range −16.98 to +7.47%). Variation between replicates was significantly lower when the stoichiometric method was used (P < 0.05). Gross energy content, calculated from stoichiometric estimates of milk composition, was closely correlated with, though consistently higher than (P < 0.0005), that determined by bomb calorimetry (r2 = 0.96, P < 0.0001). The difference between the two methods, however, was negligible (1.8 ± 0.08%, range −5.0 to +5.6%). The sum of the milk components measured by the stoichiometric method accounted, on average, for 96.5% of the wet mass and varied inversely with lipid content (r2 = 0.29, P < 0.001). This small error is most likely due to retained water in the oven-dried milk. The stoichiometric method for determining organic composition allows the processing of samples at a much faster rate, requiring much smaller volumes, than conventional techniques and should prove useful in ecological studies of lactation.last_img read more

Tackling the number of tribunal cases

first_imgThe government’s consultation on changes to the tribunal service, with a view to reducing the number of cases, has now closed. A survey by legal firm Eversheds on the proposed government reforms found that:l 91% of its respondents supported the proposal to introduce a “formal offer” system, under which compensation may be increased or decreased if the other party declined to accept a reasonable offer of settlement. If no award of compensation were made, the tribunal might make a costs award against the party who refused the offer.l 83% supported the introduction of fees for lodging employment tribunal claims.l 78% believed that raising the unfair dismissal qualifying period from one to two years would result in a drop in claims.Interestingly, this does not coincide with the views of many lawyers, who are sceptical that a change in qualifying periods would result in a decrease in claims, feeling that those without the required length of service often bring discrimination claims instead (which have no service requirement).The number of claims may be falling anyway. The Tribunal Service’s quarterly statistics for 1 October 2010 to 31 December 2010 show a fall of 51% in the total number of claims, compared with the same quarter of 2009. But age discrimination claims more than doubled from 1,100 to 2,900 and pregnancy and sex discrimination also increased, by 47% and 27% respectively. The number of claims fell on working time, equal pay, redundancy, breach of contract and unfair dismissal.last_img read more

Area post offices open on Sundays leading up to Christmas

first_imgIndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Greenwood4614210AM – 2PM Warsaw4658012PM – 4PM Office NameZip CodeSunday Hours Danville4612210AM – 2PM Google+ Westfield4607410AM – 2PM Elkhart4651612PM – 4PM Madison4725012PM – 4PM Pinterest Facebook Lafayette4790512PM – 4PM South Bend—Chippewa4661412PM – 4PM Bloomington —Woodbridge4740810AM – 2PM Gary—Merrillville4641012PM – 4PM Richmond4737410AM-2PM South Bend—Main4660112PM – 4PM Indianapolis—Castleton4625610AM – 2PM WhatsApp Indianapolis—Park Fletcher4624110AM – 2PM Kokomo4690211AM – 3 PM Muncie4730210AM-2PM Terre Haute—Rose4780310AM – 2PM Indianapolis—Eagle Creek4625410AM – 2PM Twitter By Brooklyne Beatty – December 11, 2020 0 367 Columbus4720110AM – 2PM Google+ Anderson4601110AM – 2PMcenter_img South Bend—Edison Park4661512PM – 4PM (Photo supplied/United States Postal Service) With two weeks left until Christmas, several area post offices will open their doors on Sundays to help get packages and letters to their destinations.The following post offices will be open on Sunday, December 13 and Sunday, December 20: Bloomington474029AM – 1 PM West Lafayette4790612PM – 4PM WhatsApp Bedford4742412PM – 4PM Indianapolis—Nora4624010AM – 2PM Seymour4727410AM – 2PM Zionsville4607711AM – 3 PM Valparaiso4638312PM – 4PM Facebook Brownsburg461129AM – 1 PM Previous articleDrive Sober or Get Pulled Over campaign happening now through January 1Next articleNIPSCO scheduling virtual home assessments Brooklyne Beatty Pinterest Carmel4603211AM – 3 PM Mishawaka4654412PM – 4PM Noblesville4606011AM – 3 PM Terre Haute4780211AM – 3 PM Indianapolis—Speedway4622210AM – 2PM Indianapolis—Southport4622710AM – 2PM TAGSchristmasholidayhoursmailopeningpackagespost officeseasonsunday Area post offices open on Sundays leading up to Christmas Twitter Fishers4603810AM – 2PM Plainfield4616811AM – 3 PM Goshen4652612PM – 4PM Ft Wayne—Northwood4681512PM – 4PMlast_img read more

Receives Canada-U.S. Fulbright

first_imgSteven Hoffman has been selected as one of the recipients of a 2011-12 Fulbright Canada Student Award. The grant is allowing Hoffman to pursue a Ph.D. in health policy at Harvard and conduct research into the politics surrounding health systems and global health governance.Awarded by the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS), the Ph.D. in health policy is a collaborative program of six Harvard faculties: the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard Medical School, Harvard Business School, Harvard Law School, and Harvard Kennedy School. Hoffman was attracted to the interdisciplinary nature of the program. Although he is still a couple years away from beginning work on his dissertation, Hoffman said he is very interested in studying how the international community can best address the emerging health threats and inequalities that demand global solutions.“Harvard is a special place, and the nature of this program is unique in allowing students to be truly interdisciplinary,” he said. “I feel lucky to be here and quite privileged to have this opportunity. The corollary to that, of course, is an intense feeling of responsibility to ensure that I use what I learn here to contribute positively to the world.”last_img read more

8 HILT Spark Grants announced

first_img Read Full Story The Harvard Initiative for Learning and Teaching (HILT) awarded eight Spark Grants with support of up to 15,000 designed to help “spark” promising teaching and learning projects. Awardees will:Develop hybrid activities for the classroom. Jennifer Lerner (HKS) will design in-class and online activities to improve student decision making and increase classroom engagement.Engage foreign language students with immersive technology. Nicole Mills (FAS), Rus Gant (FAS), and Chris Dede (HGSE) will produce and study culturally immersive virtual reality experiences for foreign language students.Evaluate formative active learning-inspired assessments. Madhvi Venkatesh and Ronald Jason Heustis (HMS) will evaluate whether chalk talks improve short-term and long-term student performance in experimental design.Implement a Team-Based Learning (TBL) course. Bernhard Nickel (FAS) will redesign a course with team-based learning principles and assess the benefits and challenges of the approach.Launch a Diversity Journal Club. Nia Imara (FAS) will organize discussions dedicated to understanding how diversity—or the lack thereof—in the science community impacts learning, teaching, research, and culture.Measure the effects of open-ended extracurricular projects. Madeline Hickman, Elaine Kristant (SEAS), Robert Hart, and Daniel Rosenberg (FAS) will expand “Project Nights” and assess their effects on student learning.Provide physical and conceptual space for student projects. Megan Panzano (GSD) and Lisa Haber-Thomson (FAS) will offer a series of interdisciplinary workshops that develop critical thinking through making.Synthesize pedagogical experiences in developing online courses. Tiffany Wong, Drew Lichtenstein, and Selen Turkay (CADM) will interview instructors and document best practices for creating MOOCs.last_img read more

Stop Mosquitos.

first_imgJust as sure as the days become longer in spring, Georgians can count on the annoying buzz and bites of mosquitos. Keeping mosquito populations under control is not only important for comfort, it’s important for your health, too. Mosquitos in Georgia are known to cause heartworms in dogs and carry several forms of encephalitis to humans and livestock. Georgia’s dry weather may help the situation. The most recent potential threat, West Nile virus, can be deadly to some people.Dry Weather Helps Georgians are getting only a little break from the weather. “Drought conditions do affect mosquito populations, as fewer breeding sites are available,” said Beverly Sparks, an Extension Service entomologist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “However,” Sparks said, “drought doesn’t eliminate mosquito problems. Breeding sites are found in wading pools, bird baths, flower pot saucers and other sites.” It’s still important to control mosquitos to keep populations down. “Mosquito control hinges on treating or eliminating breeding sites,” Sparks said. “Breeding sites created by people in clogged gutters, pots, old tires or any container that holds water should be eliminated. Other breeding sites like ponds, lakes and wetlands should be treated.”Control At Home Many Georgia municipalities have mosquito-control spraying programs. But you can do some things yourself to keep populations down at home, Sparks said. Get rid of breeding areas. Empty any containers of water, and get rid of trash. Even a drink can or a plastic wrapper can be a breeding ground for mosquitos. Clean gutters. They can collect trash and water. Remove any old tires, or drill holes in those used for playground equipment to allow them to drain. Check tarps covering boats or other equipment that may collect water in pockets or indentions. Commercial foggers, from aerosol cans to larger handheld products, can kill mosquitos. In backyard ponds, fish can create waves and keep breeding down. In shallow edges where the fish and waves can’t reach, use a donut-shaped Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) product. “Bt products would work in bird baths, but the dosage would be too high,” Sparks warned. “The best way to control mosquitos in bird baths is to change the water and rinse the bird bath every week.”Reliable Repellants Besides developing good mosquito-control habits, Georgians should be careful to use mosquito repellants. “Those containing DEET are the most effective,” said UGA Extension entomologist Elmer Gray. “Repellants with 10 percent to 35 percent DEET are effective for most mosquito populations. For children, don’t exceed 10 percent. Rub it on your hands first, then apply it to the child’s skin.” Repellants with higher DEET concentrations can be used by adults only in areas that have larger mosquito populations or where there will be long intervals between applications.last_img read more

Treasury Sanctions Guatemalan Trafficker Allied with Los Zetas

first_imgBy Dialogo August 23, 2013 This action prohibits U.S. persons from conducting financial or commercial transactions with Jairo Orellana Morales, and freezes any assets he may have under U.S. jurisdiction. President Obama identified Los Zetas as a significant foreign narcotics trafficker under the Kingpin Act in April 2009 and in July 2011, he named Los Zetas as a significant Transnational Criminal Organization in the Annex to Executive Order 13581 (Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations). Orellana Morales is linked to Marta Julia Lorenzana Cordon, a member of the Lorenzana crime family, who was designated by Treasury pursuant to the Kingpin Act in November 2012. On August 21, the U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned Jairo Estuardo Orellana Morales, a violent Guatemalan narcotics trafficker, as a Specially Designated Narcotics Trafficker (SDNT) pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (Kingpin Act). center_img Internationally, OFAC has designated more than 1300 businesses and individuals linked to 103 drug kingpins since June 2000. Penalties for violations of the Kingpin Act range from civil penalties of up to $1.075 million per violation to more severe criminal penalties. Criminal penalties for corporate officers may include up to 30 years in prison and fines of up to $5 million. Criminal fines for corporations may reach $10 million. Other individuals could face up to 10 years in prison and fines for criminal violation of the Kingpin Act pursuant to Title 18 of the United States Code. This announcement is the latest in a series of efforts by the Treasury Department to thwart transnational drug cartels, such as Los Zetas, which are responsible for distributing significant amounts of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine in the United States. Orellana Morales traffics cocaine through Guatemala on behalf of Los Zetas and has been implicated in several executions in Guatemala in support of his drug trafficking activities. last_img read more

COVID-19: Workers anxious over job security despite govt policies, survey finds

first_img“Even as the government makes daily promises of social safety nets for workers and other vulnerable demographics, the high percentage of workers who feel anxious over job security is a reflection of workers’ skepticism toward the government’s ability to protect them,” a report on the survey stated.Read also: Millions to lose jobs, fall into poverty as Indonesia braces for recessionThe survey also found that 67.8 percent of respondents were still obligated to go to work despite physical distancing measures and social restrictions in place to curb the spread of COVID-19.Of those who still have to be physically present at their workplace, 25.3 percent said they lacked access to protective equipment, hand-washing facilities, and disinfectants. Furthermore, the survey found that 28.08 percent of respondents had been furloughed without pay during health crisis, putting migrant workers in a difficult situation.“Workers who migrated to the city need to pay for living accommodations. Returning to their home villages is decidedly unwise as they could potentially be COVID-19 carriers,” the report said.Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati previously said that, with economic growth projected at the lowest level since the 1998 financial crisis, 1.1 million to 3.78 million people could fall into poverty and 2.9 million to 5.2 million workers could lose their jobs.According to the official government count, there are 4,839 confirmed COVID-19 cases in the country, with 459 deaths as of Tuesday.Topics : Many Indonesian workers remain anxious over the uncertain future of their employment amid the COVID-19 outbreak despite the government’s social safety net policies, a recent online survey found.The survey — conducted by community radio station Marsinah FM in collaboration with the Labor Study Group (Kobar) between Mar. 23 to Apr. 10 — polled 146 respondents in Greater Jakarta and Central Java who work for 83 companies in the manufacturing, production, retail, and finance sectors.Around 78.3 percent of the respondents said they felt vulnerable as neither their employers nor the government had come up with a policy that ensures the security of their livelihoods amid the ongoing public health emergency, the survey found.last_img read more

RBA warns even best standards won’t work in economy-wide fallout

first_imgOne of the RBA’s most senior officials said the level of debt will come into play when the borrower is facing a large negative shock.EVEN the best lending standards won’t save the country if there was “a large, economy-wide shock”, warned one of the RBA’s most senior officials. RBA Assistant Governor Luci Ellis made the comment at the Australian Business Economists Lunchtime Briefing in Sydney midweek.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this homeless than 1 hour agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investorless than 1 hour agoShe said in the event of “a large, economy-wide shock, even the best lending standards might not be enough to protect borrowers and lenders”.“At that point, the absolute amount of debt owed becomes the binding consideration.”Ms Ellis said high debt levels could make the next shock tougher for some.“If some other shock should come along, debt would make it worse,” she said. “Of itself, the level of indebtedness is unlikely to be a triggering factor that sparks a negative outcome.”Ms Ellis said recently created debt had better risk profiles because of action by regulators and lenders“The level of debt owed matters most when the borrower is facing a large negative shock,” she said. “Strong lending standards mitigate the effects of moderate shocks, and can help prevent a shock turning into a default event.”last_img read more

Lufthansa cabin crew deal to cut pension liabilities by ‘high triple-digits’

first_imgLufthansa Group’s pension scheme liabilities are set to shrink by “a high triple-digit-million” amount after members of the company’s cabin crew trade union agreed to new collective labour agreements.In a statement, the German flag carrier said a “sizeable majority” of the airline’s cabin personnel voted in favour of the new agreement negotiated by their trade union earlier this summer, formally ending a long-running industrial dispute.The new collective labour agreement entails changes to the remuneration structure and a shift from a defined benefit (DB) to a defined contribution (DC) pension scheme. Lufthansa said the deal will enable it to reduce the group’s occupational pension obligations by “a high triple-digit euro amount” and provide the group with annual savings in the “mid-double-digit-million-euro region”. “The vast majority of this will impact on group results for the current year, where it will have a correspondingly positive effect on the annual EBIT (but not on the adjusted EBIT) result,” said Lufthansa.As at 31 December 2015, Lufthansa had group pension liabilities of €10.8bn, representing a 63% increase on year-end due to the fall in the discount rate, from 2.8% to 1.6% as at 30 June 2016.In its half-year report published earlier this month, Lufthansa said that higher pension obligations put its investment grade rating granted by Standard & Poor’s at risk.“In the long term the switch from a defined benefit to a defined contribution system will reduce the burden,” it noted.In return for the cost concessions obtained by Lufthansa under the deal, cabin crew pay will increase and the staff will have guaranteed employment until 2021.Also, employees that do not draw so-called transition benefits by retiring before the earliest state pension age can have these counted toward their occupational pension entitlement. This was not possible under the system that is being replaced.The deal to which the cabin crew and Lufthansa have agreed is a proposal developed by a mediator, Matthias Platzeck, the former premier of the German federal state of Brandenburg.The new arrangement for pensions and transitional benefits will remain in effect until the end of 2023, the expiry date for the collective labour agreement.“However, this does not mean that the new pension scheme will be changed, amended or replaced by a new set-up after 2023,” a spokeperson told IPE.Pension entitlements accrued by active members prior to the transition to the new system coming into effect will remain valid, he added.The shift to a DC scheme has already been agreed for Lufthansa’s ground personnel, leaving pilots as the only labour group with which the company has not yet reached a settlement.In its half-year report the airline said that “important matters have still not been agreed with the Vereinigung Cockpit pilots’ union” but that “constructive, confidential talks are currently taking place”.last_img read more