President Maithripala Sirisena today criticized the relationship some former Sri Lankan leaders had with former Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi.Speaking to reporters in Colombo today, the President recalled how Gaddafi was seen in photographs with his arm around one former Sri Lankan leader. Former President Mahinda Rajapakse openly maintained a strong relationship with Muammar Gaddafi despite western global powers accusing him of being a dictator until his death. Meanwhile President Maithripala Sirisena also slammed the behavior of some politicians of the former regime for slinging mud at the UN.He recalled how some politicians staged protests outside the UN office in Colombo when the human rights issue was discussed in Geneva. The President also noted that countries like India, China and the US assisted Sri Lanka to defeat the LTTE.He said that the new Sri Lankan Government has been able to unite the UN Human Rights Council, which was earlier divided on the Sri Lankan issue. (Colombo Gazette) Sirisena did not mention Rajapaksa and his relationship with Gaddafi but the photograph he mentioned was that of Rajapaksa and Gaddafi in Libya.
Also today, Secretary-General Ban spoke at a seminar commemorating the 30th anniversary of the Summit between US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, which despite of failing to achieve its goals, provided a path that ultimately led to the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), eliminating all American and Soviet intermediate and shorter-range ground-based missiles. “Thirty years later, Reykjavik’s lessons have never been more relevant,” said Mr. Ban in his remarks. “As difficult as the international situation is today, current tensions fall well short of what President Reagan and General Secretary Gorbachev faced during the Cold War.” Expressing concern at the resurgence of “Cold War ghosts,” the UN chief also noted that the world faces serious challenges in arms control and disarmament as well as non-state actors seeking to procure nuclear materials. “So my message to world leaders today is clear: Let us summon the spirit of Reykjavik,” he said and emphasized: “Our common aspirations for peace, human rights and sustainable development require us to find a new paradigm for sustainable security without reliance on weapons of mass destruction.” “And we need to put those ideas into action. In policies, in legislation, in treaties and in the real world.”Meetings with the President and Prime Minister of Iceland “The Arctic supports key pillars of the climate system regionally and globally. The fate of the Arctic is tied to the fate of Miami, Mumbai, Shanghai and coastal cities across the world — and so much else of course,” said Mr. Ban in an address to the Arctic Circle Assembly in Iceland’s capital, Reykjavik. “When the Arctic suffers, the world feels the pain. And when the planet is under assault, the Arctic is likewise a casualty,” he added. Noting that the Arctic region is “ground zero” for climate change, Mr. Ban pointed out that according to scientific research, it is warming more quickly than the rest of planet and that an increase in global temperatures by two degrees Celsius – the upper limit of what the Paris Agreement calls for – could mean a change of four and even five degrees in the Arctic. He also highlighted with the ratification by 79 countries, representing 59 per cent of global emissions, the Paris Agreement would enter into force on 4 November and underscored the importance of its implementation. “Few expected such swift action. I thank all of you for your contributions to this historic step. Political leaders, scientists, citizens in the street — all played a role in grasping the gravity of the threat and mobilizing to set the world on a safer, more sensible path,” he said. In his address, Mr. Ban also hailed the recent agreement by members of the International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO) on a new global market-based measure to curb carbon dioxide emissions from international aviation and said that it is an important step by Governments, industry and civil society, building on the strong momentum provided by the Paris Agreement. The Secretary-General further called for reducing short-lived climate pollutants, such as black carbon, which contributes to the rapid warming of snow and ice as well as appealed for more financial resources to help developing countries reduce their emissions and adapt to the inevitable consequences of climate change. The UN chief also underlined the importance of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge systems and said that their contributions will be essential to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as in combatting climate change. He urged the Assembly to ensure that indigenous peoples, their rights and their sociocultural contributions, remain central as we address these shared challenges. “We need governments to reach consensus next week in Kigali on a critically important amendment to the Montreal Protocol, which will phase down hydrofluorocarbons,” he said, adding: “This could help prevent up to half a degree of warming by the end of the century.” 30th Anniversary of the Reagan-Gorbachev Summit ‹ › Further today, the UN chief held meetings today with Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson, President of Iceland, and with Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson, the country’s Prime Minister. According to a readout issued by Mr. Ban’s office, the Secretary-General congratulated Iceland for its ratification of the Paris Agreement and encouraged it to establish a mechanism to oversee the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The Secretary-General and the two leaders also agreed on the responsibility for UN Member States to implement the commitments made during the recent UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, in particular the need to make addressing root causes of displacement a priority. Also today, Secretary-General Ban held a joint press conference with Lilja Alfreðsdóttir, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iceland. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (left) meets with President Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson of Iceland. UN Photo/Rick Bajornas Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (right) speaks at a joint press conference with Lilja Alfreðsdóttir, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iceland. UN Photo/Rick Bajornas Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon delivers closing remarks at the University of Iceland’s Institute of International Affairs on the 30th Anniversary of the 1986 Reagan-Gorbachev Summit. UN Photo/Rick Bajornas Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (left) meets with Prime Minister Siguður Ingi Jóhannsson of Iceland. UN Photo/Rick Bajornas