4 Big Reasons Retailers are Racing to Embrace IoT Is Industry 4.0 just another buzz term that’s being hyped up by technology vendors with the aim of selling more products, or a legitimate trend that will transform sectors such as manufacturing in the months and years to come? The evidence points to the latter. Industry 4.0, also referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, includes the heavy use of automation technologies and a greater exchange of data in manufacturing environments such as factories. Industry 4.0 got its name because it follows the earlier manufacturing phases of water/steam power, electric power and computing power.The concept embraces technologies and delivery models such as cloud computing, big data/analytics, cyber-physical systems (CPS), robotics, augmented reality and the Internet of Things (IoT). In the age of Industry 4.0, manufacturing companies will be able to build and operate factories that are smarter than ever, so they can do things like easily customize products on demand from individual customers – something that is called Industrial IoT or IIoT.Collaborative technologiesThe technologies driving Industry 4.0 will often work in collaboration. For example, CPS is powered by cloud services,which enable intelligent objects and cloud-based programmatic modules to interact with each other. New, smart factories will feature connected robots with access to big data/analytics capabilities, and technologies such as artificial intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality, 3-D printing and other solutions will provide these facilities with agility, precision and efficiencies never seen before in a manufacturing environment.As noted by management consulting firm McKinsey and Company, the concept of Industry 4.0 is more than just a flashy catchphrase. “A confluence of trends and technologies promises to reshape the way things are made,” the firm says.Among these developments are a significant rise in data volumes, computational power, and connectivity; the advancements in data analytics and business intelligence (BI) capabilities; the availability of new forms of human-machine interaction; and enhancements in the ability to transfer digital instructions to the physical world, such as advanced robotics and 3D printing. McKinsey has advised companies to closely watch Industry 4.0 developments so that they can leverage new opportunities made possible by Industry 4.0 technologies. It says the traditional manufacturing business model is being replaced by new models, and in order to reap the benefits of Industry 4.0 technologies businesses must prepare themselves for the coming digital transformation.The platforms that support Industry 4.0 applications need to be open systems that can evolve with changing demands and market trends, and be able to quickly leverage whatever new technologies emerge in the coming years. Factories of the future will be dynamic organisms that can be shaped and reshaped as need be, and they will be connected more so than ever with other entities such as customer service centers, companies that supply raw materials, distribution channels, etc. Whereas today’s manufacturing environment typically consists of production plants with an incompatible mix of automation technologies that are not designed to share data with other manufacturing systems, smart factories will leverage IoT cloud platforms to gain a layer of cybernetic intelligence that sits on top of a company’s manufacturing operations. Machine learning algorithms will be able to identify patterns and extract insights that can be used to optimize production operations. Predictive analytics will identify signs of system failures in one factory so that production can quickly be launched in other facilities.In this modern environment, data from factories is delivered to the cloud, where it can be visualized and exposed to powerful analytics that provide higher layers of orchestration than ever for companies. For example, there’s a large manufacturer based in the U.K. that has factories all over the world. It’s looking to take all the data coming off of its factory automation platforms and all kinds of devices, some in real time, and place it into a common cloud layer to create customized views of all this data. That will allow the company to see across all its operations and create efficiencies not possible before. One of the key drivers of the smart factory that will be enabled by IIoT and Industry 4.0 technologies is the push toward personalization in manufacturing. Instead of a factory churning out cookie-cutter versions of the same products at mass scale, it will be able to deliver highly customized products on a just-in-time basis the way a customer wants it.Dean Hamilton, Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Service Creation Business Unit, AcceleriteBuilding the ecosystemThe potential of this future factory is not derived from what’s inside the enterprise, but outside. As beneficial as Industry 4.0 might prove to be for individual companies, executives in IT, operations and business need to look at this trend from a more holistic standpoint. They need to realize that the greatest returns will ultimately come from building an Industry 4.0 ecosystem that includes multiple market players involved in the process of designing, building, shipping and using products. By linking together this ecosystem of partners in an Industry 4.0 environment, all of the individual components of the ecosystem are able to deliver greater value to the market. To put it in biological terms, instead of thinking in terms of individual cells it’s more about all the cells working together in a body, in a symbiotic relationship. The Internet and specifically the cloud provide the framework necessary for organizations to work together more efficiently than ever, creating business and operational intelligence that can benefit partners within these interconnected business ecosystems.One of the key technology components that will also enable the creation of Industry 4.0 partner ecosystems is application programming interfaces (APIs). Factories that expose APIs to partners will make it possible to create applications that work across a variety of systems.To achieve this in an effective way, companies need to deploy an IoT platform such as Accelerite’s Concert that enables them to share service-oriented application APIs throughout their partner ecosystem in a managed platform as a service (PaaS) model. Applications will be quickly reconfigured by business analysts instead of programmers to account for different sources and types of data. Applications will be deployed in the cloud service that is most appropriate and efficient for the business, and easily adjust to accommodate for differences in cloud vendor-specific data ingestion, storage, distributed computing and machine learning APIs. By leveraging the power of APIs and the cloud, companies will build and share a new generation of manufacturing-oriented IoT applications that will be at the heart of Industry 4.0 and IIoT, and that will provide not just greater intelligence and efficiencies but transformative new business models that industries have never seen before.Building the smart factories that are capable of manufacturing the unique, highly personalized products consumers and businesses will be looking for is highly dependent on exploiting the full potential of Industry 4.0. A new class of API platform, designed for the latest revolution in manufacturing, is now emerging and will help companies to rapidly develop, manage and even monetize the products of the future.While much of this sounds futuristic, IT and business executives need to be looking at these technologies now if they want to help prepare their organizations for what’s to come. If they don’t, they risk getting a late start in the dramatic shift to Industry 4.0.This article was produced in partnership with Accelerite. The author is Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Service Creation Business Unit at Accelerite. Tags:#Accelerite#featured#IIoT#industrial#industry 4.0#Internet of Things#IoT#McKinsey & Co.#top Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts ReadWrite Sponsors Is Voice Search the Next Big Travel Technology … Cloud Hosting for WordPress: Why Everyone is Mo…
Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Tags:#Facebook#Oculus Rift#PC#virtual reality#VR#wearable Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… Facebook has slashed the price of the Oculus Rift for a second time, as part of its “Summer of Rift” sales season. The Oculus Rift and Touch controller are available for $399 and will remain at that price for six weeks.It is the second time Facebook has cut the price of the Oculus Rift since it acquired the company for $2 billion in 2014. Oculus launched its first consumer version in early 2016, but the first few months were plagued by shipping delays.See Also: What F8’s AR/VR announcements mean for marketersThe original cost of the Oculus Rift, $599, put a lot of consumers off, especially with the additional hardware cost to make the games playable. Consumers that don’t already own a PC could see the cost pass $1,500, before purchasing any games or accessories.Even though the reduction in price doesn’t do much for consumers without a PC, it may perk the interest of gamers that have been on the fence about the Oculus. However, some may wait for Oculus next headset, which is expected to launch in 2018.The VR market has not blossomed as much as Facebook may have been hoping, but analysts project a growth in sales over the next five years, led by mobile VR headsets. Oculus already works with Samsung on the Gear VR, but may look to build its own hardware in the future. Follow the Puck David Curry Related Posts Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to…
By: Bari Sobelson, MS, LMFT & David Lee Sexton, Jr.Our March 22, 2018 webinar was facilitated by Dr. Lauren Marlotte of the Division of Behavioral Health and Nathanson Family Resilience Center at the University of California Los Angeles. In this webinar, 3 broad areas of violence that impact youth were discussed- bullying, relationship violence in teens, and school shootings. Dr. Marlotte shared highlights of all three of these types of violence but tied them all together by talking about overall risk and resilience factors, taking a family systems approach, and ways to build resilience in families including some resources. Below are some insights, questions and answers, and resources gained from this engaging and helpful webinar.InsightsHere are some insights that the participants and our team took away from the webinar.Adult logic may not be the best fit when looking for solutions to address and combat bullying. Lauren led us through a series of scenarios, asking for our thoughts on the ways in which we would help our children navigate a bullying situation. Many of us were surprised to find that the adult logic we were applying to these scenarios were not, in fact, the best ways to handle them.1/3 teens experience violence with a dating partner. In addition to sharing this alarmingly high statistic, Lauren shared that girls and women between 16 and 24 years old are experiencing the highest rates of Intimate Partner Violence.There are negative consequences for both the bully and person being bullied. Children who are bullied are at higher risk of experiencing negative physical health, mental health, and school consequences such as anxiety, depression, PTSD, low self-esteem, physical health problems, and more. Children who are bullies are at higher risk for engaging in violence and other risky behaviors later in life such as misusing substances engaging in delinquent behaviors, carrying a weapon, and being convicted of a crime or receiving a citation as an adult.School shootings affect more than just the people at the school. It’s not just the school personnel, children, and families of the school who are affected. Anyone who hears about the shooting on the news is also affected.Questions and AnswersThe participants were highly engaged, asking important and relevant questions throughout the webinar. Below are some of the questions by the participants and the answers supplied by Dr. Marlotte.Participant: Why would bullies engage in sexual activity earlier?Dr. Marlotte: “My best explanation would be that kids who engage in bullying are at higher risk of negative consequences [such as] being negatively influenced by their peer groups [or] having less parental supervision or involvement… teens are still developing the frontal lobe, the centers of their brain important in decision making and thinking things out… they may be more likely to be impulsive and make reckless decisions. This is a guess as to why these things might be correlated.”Participant: If children tend to “freeze” and have trouble with a comeback, what would be good advice?Dr. Marlotte: “When a child is under stress, they may experience fight, flight or freeze… That’s why having some sort of preparation to coach children through using these skills can help them with those fight, flight, and freeze responses. Sometimes just acknowledging that that’s the way our brains and our bodies respond to stress can help children understand why they might experience stress in a certain way. Maybe they silently take a breath and then use one of the teasing comments and walk away from the bully. Practice and rehearsal of the bullying strategies, paired with the practice and rehearsal of some of the emotional regulation strategies, can be paired together to be able to use those strategies to the best of the child’s ability.”Participant: This might be difficult for children with developmental disabilities who have trouble with social skills even in the best situations. How would we advise them to handle the situation? Would a bullying social story be a good option?Dr. Marlotte: “I attended a training by [a professional] who developed a curriculum on social skills for children with Autism and she writes in her manual [that] the nonverbal teasing comebacks, are sometimes the most difficult for kids with developmental disabilities. In particular, she works a lot with kids with Autism… They may not have the same spatial awareness about what an eye roll feels like or looks like, or their face may end up making a face they are not intending to when they are trying to look standoffish. So, absolutely! Doing a role play, a rehearsal… I’d say starting with a social story and seeing if the child is able to apply this to their real life as well to make sure they can make that leap. I also think that this is a wonderful thing to do as a prevention strategy. There are lots of ways to have conversations about bullying even if it’s not an issue that comes up.”Participant: What is a good bullying curriculum that can be utilized in schools? Are there any to train teachers to help with bullying prevention in their classrooms?Dr. Marlotte: “I would recommend the stopbullying.gov website (specifically https://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/at-school/index.html) to find out more information about prevention and evidence-based anti-bullying programs. I would also recommend that schools adopt a social emotional learning approach or curriculum, such as RULER (http://ei.yale.edu/ruler/) or the Families OverComing Under Stress (FOCUS) Resilience Curriculum (https://nfrc.ucla.edu/FOCUS).” Participant: How often is it is a “lone” bully and how often do they have back-ups in their bullying?Dr. Marlotte: “Since the bully tends to want to get attention and social notoriety, I think there’s typically people around… There might be one kid who’s the instigator or the primary bully, and they may be able to suck other people into what they’re doing rather than having a group of kids decide to be bullies all together. There’s typically a leader with others who are either bystanders or occasionally jumping in.”Participant: Sometimes using the term abusive to a teen doesn’t resonate with them as they do not consider what is going on in their or their friend’s relationship abusive. Possibly breaking it down with some defining- controlling, jealousy, isolating from friends, etc.Dr. Marlotte: “Yes, using specific examples… Sometimes, it lands a little bit better to say healthy vs, unhealthy [or] acceptable vs unacceptable. If there’s other types of words or language that you’re hearing from your teen, using their language can be very helpful. We have a trauma clinic here and we see a wide variety of families… I’ve had families experience some very traumatic situations and they’re saying, ‘Well, I don’t have it as bad as this situation that was in the media’ or ‘I didn’t experience this type of situation’. So they may not actually consider themselves trauma survivors. So then if THEY choose to not identify themselves in that way, I don’t push that. I talk about the stress impact of their experiences that they have had and allow them to use their own language around that while acknowledging that what they’ve experienced is going to have a large impact on them. But if there are certain words that don’t resonate, that is absolutely fine.”Participant: How do we counter the culture of meanness/name calling/bullying that has developed, been promoted, and modeled in our country in the last couple of years? There is a trickle-down effect from what is modeled from adults and what children (and adults) see on the news on a daily basis.Dr. Marlotte: “It’s important to have conversations with clients/children about meanness and name calling that is present in the media. Positive, supportive adults model appropriate behaviors and discuss and address inappropriate behaviors highlighted in the news and popular culture. Don’t read or watch news sources that engage in name calling or are clearly biased. When mean behavior is observed, engage adolescents in a discussion around the behavior and explore other ways of expressing one’s self while being respectful. This helps reminds adults, too, that being mean or bullying behaviors are unacceptable. Point out examples of positive behaviors that are portrayed as well. Just like we ask parents to ‘catch your child being good’ and provide praise, we should also be in tune with when the media is respectful and uses effective communication.” ResourcesThroughout the webinar, Dr. Marlotte and the Family Development Team shared a plethora of resources. There were also a couple of resources mentioned by participants. In addition to the resources listed below, you can find a comprehensive list of additional resources compiled by the Family Development Team on the event page.NFRC HandoutsNational Child Traumatic Stress NetworkResource Discovery for NCTSN School Personnel ResourcesLove is RespectWonder ClassroomIf you are interested in watching this webinar, the archived version and all of the supplemental materials can be found on the event page. If you are interested in obtaining CEUs for the webinar, they will be available until March 22, 2019. Details of how to obtain the CEUs are on the learn event page mentioned above.This post was written by members of the MFLN Family Development Team. The Family Development team aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network Family Development concentration on our website, Facebook, and Twitter. You can also listen to our Anchored. podcast series via iTunes and our website.
This ends our look at the basic Color Correct Node in Smoke 2013. I use the term “basic” loosely, as you can see by the feature set that this node has many tools to help you achieve a good primary grade on your clips. Often times the Color Corrector is all you need to enhance your video. In the next installment of Premiumbeat’s exploration of the nodes in ConnectFX, we will look at the Color Warper and Secondary color selection and correction. The breakdown of ConnectFX Nodes in Autodesk Smoke 2013 continues as we being our look at the color tools with the Smoke Color Corrector.Smoke has 2 main tools for color work, the original tool is the Color Corrector (CC). It is a primary color corrector, no secondary selections are possible. As Smoke matured it adopted the Color Warper tool from Autodesk Flame. With the Color Warper (CW), it is possible to use secondary selections. Both have their advantages and often you can toggle back in forth between the 2 tools as they are both available in the CC Timeline effect and inside of Action. You can only use one or the other in these menus, but as a node in ConnectFX you can link the two in your effects pipeline.Autodesk Smoke’s Color CorrectorYou can feed the Color Correct Node a Front, Back, and Matte. Normally these inputs are more for compositing one image over another, but in the Color Corrector, you can use the Matte to isolate part of the front image and only make color adjustments within the matte area (or outside the matte if inverted).[Click for larger image]When a front and back are connected, you can use the sample tools inside the node to sample colors from the front and back and match them to each other. The front clip will always get matched to the back clip. I’ll explain the matching workflow later in this post, as I walk you through the interface.One thing to be aware of when you are working in ConnectFX is that CFX will bump 10bit and 12bit clips to 16bit in the pipeline. 8bit clips will remain 8bit. This can sometimes cause issues when adding mixed res clips into a node, as Smoke likes frame size and bit depth to match.[Click for larger image]If your frame size is the same, and it’s only the bit depth that is different, you can use the LUT tools in CFX to make a quick adjustment. This keeps your schematic cleaner and eliminates the need to process through another node. Select the clip you want to apply the LUT to, and then select RGB LUT in the UI. Then, press the ACTIVE button to turn on the effect. You can then select the bit depth that you would like to convert the clip to as the destination.In this case we are working with a 10bit clip that was promoted to 16bit automatically. We need to change the 8bit clip we are using as a back clip for color matching to 16bit. The resolution is the same , so it’s simple to use the conversion LUT in the CFX clip controls to make this happen.When you look at the UI, it’s best to work work left to right as that is how Smoke will process the effects within the node. For example, Hue shifting will happen before Saturation, and Saturation will happen before the Histogram. So as you work left to right the items on the left get processed first and the tools on the right get processed at the end.[Click for larger image]On the far left you have buttons for Master, Shadows, Midtones, and Highlights. By selecting one of these items to work on you can move right along the UI and adjustments will only be done on that selection. For example, by selecting Shadows, you can adjust the color of the shadows in the color wheel, along with saturation, gamma, gain, offset, & contrast of the RGB channels individually or together.Next to the the range buttons are options to rewire the RGB channels. This means you can send the Blue Channel to the Red Channel, or the Green Channel to the Blue channel. There is also a selection button to make an instant Mono or Negative image. When you choose one these options you will see how the individual RBG channels can get rewired to perform these actions. You can often achieve interesting color results by rewiring the B
You can save custom transitions by simply dragging the transition from the effects editor down to a bin. The ability to save transitions is really handy in Avid Media Composer, but be careful over the top transitions can distract from the actual video.This video was first posted by Shane Ross on his Vimeo channel. Thanks for sharing Shane!Have any techniques for making custom transitions?Know of any other helpful Avid tricks? Share in the comments below. Create custom transition using this simple technique in Avid Media Composer.Instead of using simple built-in transitions, try building your very own custom transitions in Avid using the technique described in the following video tutorial by editor and power Twitter user Shane Ross. Custom transitions can be saved after they are made, making it easier for the editor. The video covers:The add edit buttonUsing a filler layerUsing the effects editorCreating blur transitionsCreating flash transitionsSaving custom transitions using bins
Using CC Composite in After Effects is useful for compositing – if you know how it works.CC Composite is a quick in easy way to composite your original layer over your added effects. There are a lot of instances in which CC Composite might be useful but it can be confusing to figure out sometimes.In the following tutorial, Premiumbeat blogger and motion designer Mikey Borup demonstrates how to use the CC Composite effect. The video covers:Using the CC Composite effectOrdering the effect hierarchyUnderstanding effect priorities This video was posted to Mikey Borup’s YouTube page where there is a lot of other interesting tutorials on Adobe After Effects. Thanks for sharing Mikey!Have any other tips for using CC Composite?Please share in the comments below.
Cinematographers on low-budget indie films are often required to operate their camera while also pulling focus. Here are some hacks to make this situation less frustrating.The role of a focus puller is critical on nearly any professional set. The skills required to accurately pull focus in challenging situations are independent of the skill set required by the cinematographer, though there is some crossover.Even if a DP also happens to be fantastic at pulling focus, they are often busy with the camera and keeping an eye on lighting. In these instances, a dedicated 1st AC can make a world of difference on set.Image from Wikimedia.orgAll that said, there are many situations where DPs need to fly solo these days, which can lead to frustration when they are unable to deliver the desired creative results. In my opinion, the frustration usually stems from attempting to act as both DP and 1st AC, as opposed to setting up the shots in a way that allow for a single operator/focus puller.Below are my 3 hacks for working without a dedicated 1st AC.Attach a string to your talent to maintain your distance when tracking.Tracking shots are one of the most common shooting challenges when there’s no focus puller on the crew. When following an actor, it can be extremely difficult to keep your shot in focus, as the talent will always be walking at a slightly different speed than you.As you can imagine, this is a nightmare when it comes to pulling focus. Because, unless you’re shooting with a very high F-stop, leaving nearly the entire image in focus, your talent will drift in and out of the focus plane every few steps.Attempting to pull focus yourself when shooting like this is usually a terrible idea, since by the time you move your focus to compensate for the talent’s movement, you’ve already lost them again.Instead of trying to pull focus, you can eliminate the issue entirely by ensuring that your talent is always the exact same distance from the camera. One of the easiest – and cheapest – ways to do this is mind-blowing in its DIY simplicity: Attach a string to yourself. Attach the other end of the string to your talent.You would usually do this by tying it around your belt or waist, and would have the length of the string be the exact distance that you need to be from your talent for the framing to be right. This effectively allows you to walk in a way that will always keep your talent the perfect distance from you, as you are essentially tethered together. It’s an extremely low-fi solution, but it works every time.Always use peaking & never use markers.Using marks on a follow focus is one of the fundamentals of pulling focus for a 1st AC. But when you’re pulling focus yourself, you need to learn to throw that out the window entirely.Even if your shot is locked off on a tripod and you’re simply pulling focus between two characters on alternating lines, you still shouldn’t be diverting your vision to the follow focus for too long, if at all, as it will inevitably take you away from the monitor.If one of the actors moves in a way that is slightly different from the blocking, you may very well miss it if you aren’t 100% visually focused on the monitor at all times.For this reason, I always recommend using focus peaking whenever possible. Peaking is often used by 1st ACs to lock in their focus marks, and sometimes is then turned off so the DP can see the image without the strange effects of the peaking on the monitor.When shooting by yourself though, it’s critical that you learn to constantly shoot with focus peaking on, and rely on it solely, as it’s truly the only way you can achieve critical focus without taking your eyes off of the monitor.Image example of focus peaking:Image from KarelDonkAvoid unnecessary pulls.When you’re used to working with a focus puller, you might tend to take them for granted and simply assume that every shot needs a focus pull. In reality though, there are loads of scenes/set-ups that don’t require focus pulls at all.If you can get away with shooting a wide shot at infinity (and it still works for your story) then go for it. Or if you want to use selective focus to isolate a character in a scene, intentionally avoiding pulling focus to their scene partner, that could be a great technique too – as long as it serves the story well.I’m by no means suggesting you do this strictly out of necessity or laziness, however I am suggesting that you stop yourself before each shot and really ask whether or not you need to be pulling focus.There have been a few really great films in recent years that have implemented this technique in memorable ways. Two examples worth sharing are Upstream Color and the recently released Still Alice. Both of these films make use of shots where the blocking is designed in a way that allows the characters to walk in and out of the focal plane, as opposed to having the focus following their movement.It’s a really fascinating technique and certainly one that worked beautifully in the films mentioned. Check out the technique as showcased in the very first shot of the Upstream Color trailer.Hopefully these tips can alleviate some of on-set stress that comes with shooting without a focus puller. Take a look at the following links for even more about cinematography and focus pulling:Simple Framing Tips to Dramatically Improve Your CinematographyAdvice for New CinematographersQuick Tip: Focus PullingTry out these focus pulling hacks and let us know if you met with success or disaster! See you in the comment section.
The original cutters of film. The 4 women who predated the term “film editor” and whose names dominated the Academy Awards for decades.Cover image “Stagecoach” from United Artists via NY TimesThe Birth of a Nation (1915), Stagecoach (1939), The Wizard of Oz (1939), Singin’ in the Rain (1952), The Ten Commandments (1956), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Bonnie and Clyde (1967), Jaws (1975), Star Wars (1977), Apocalypse Now (1979), Raging Bull (1980), Pulp Fiction (1994), Memento (2000), The Avengers (2012), Star Wars: Episode VII (2015)Each of these films made cinematic history, but many people don’t realize one thing. All of these films were edited by women. But who are the original pioneers of film editing? Who paved the way for females in film? Before we go in depth, it should be stated that the following is a list of incredible editors. Not “female editors” or “women editors.” No. These are some of the best damn editors who have ever worked in the industry.Women working as editors dates back to the early days of cinema. In fact, the term “editor” was not even used as a job title. When working with actual film reels, editing a film required you to literally cut and splice scenes together. This gave rise to the term cutter. In the early days of film, cutting was seen as unskilled labor. Practically anyone could be hired for the job, and it actually became a common position for women. The reason most people don’t know this comes from the fact that all of those cutting positions went uncredited in the films.Margaret BoothImage from Stay for the CreditsIn 1910, actor Elmer Booth frequently starred in the early works of director D.W. Griffith. Elmer was set to have a large role in the Griffith film Intolerance, but he died in a car crash in 1915. Griffith actually gave the eulogy at the funeral. After his death, Griffith hired Booth’s sister, Margaret, as a “patcher.” This low-end editing job provided her with a living. She immediately got to work on Griffith’s film The Birth of a Nation. The Orpheum Theatre in Haverhill, Massachusetts bought the exclusive rights to show The Birth of a Nation in the New England area. The owner of that theater was none other than Louis B. Mayer. In 1924, Mayer would form the Metro-Goldywn-Mayer company, widely known as MGM. Mayer hired Margaret Booth as a director’s assistant, where she would eventually rise to cut films like The Mysterious Lady and Camille, starring Greta Garbo. It was actually MGM’s head of production, Irving Thalberg, that would coin the term film editor when describing Margaret’s skill.In 1936 came the release of Mutiny on the Bounty. The film was a massive success, and Booth received an Oscar Nomination for Best Film Editing. The film had a total of 8 nominations, and won the Oscar for Best Picture. Her talents would not go unnoticed, as Booth soon became the studio’s editor-in-chief in 1939. She immediately became the supervising editor behind The Wizard of OZ, which was edited by Blanche Sewell. Booth did not receive editing credit for working on other major MGM films like The Red Badge of Courage and Ben-Hur. She remained the editor-in-chief at MGM until 1968.Throughout the 70s and 80s, Booth would supervise a variety of films. The last film she supervised was the 1982 hit Annie. She received an Honorary Oscar in 1978 for her contributions to the art of film making. She passed away in 2002 at the age of 104.Anne BauchensImage from Stay for the CreditsOne of the most notorious names associated with early directors is that of Cecil B. DeMille. One of the little known facts about DeMille is that he collaborated with the same editor for over 40 years, Anne Bauchens. Bauchens was personally trained by DeMille as an editor, receiving her first credit on the film Carmen in 1915. DeMille had directed and edited all his previous films himself, but by 1918 he had entrusted all his edits to Anne. The two worked together on nearly every project.The Oscar for Best Film Editing was first introduced in 1934. Anne Bauchens received one of the original 3 nominations for her work on Cleopatra. In the most shocking revelation, Bauchens is not even credited as the editor of the film. Neither is most of the production crew nor some of the cast. She lost the award in 1934, but would soon return. Bauchens won the Oscar for Best Film Editing in 1941 for North West Mounted Police, the first time a woman had won the award. Anne received 2 more Oscar Nominations for The Greatest Show on Earth and The Ten Commandments. (She actually edited both versions of DeMille’s Ten Commandment in 1923 and 1956.)Despite her success, Bauchens was often criticized for her technique. In 1965, Margaret Booth had this to say of Anne Bauchens.Anne Bauchens is the oldest editor in the business. She was editing for years before I came into the business. DeMille was a bad editor, I thought, and made her look like a bad editor. I think Anne really would have been a good editor, but she had to put up with him — which was something. – Editors Guild MagazineBarbara McLeanImage from wikipedia.orgIn 1924, Barbara McLean married J. Gordon McLean, a film projectionist and cameraman. Soon after, she found a job as an assistant editor in Los Angeles, California. Her talents were quickly noticed. She received her first film credit in 1933. That same year, film producer and head of production at Warner Bros., Darryl F. Zanuck, decided to leave the company following a salary dispute. Immediately after his resignation, he created 20th Century Pictures. Two years later his company merged with the Fox Film Corporation. In 1935, Zanuck became the head of 20th Century Fox and named Barbara his editor-in-chief.1935 also saw the release of Les Misérables in theaters. The film was a hit and garnered McLean her first Oscar Nomination for Best Film Editing. She lost, but was again nominated the next year for Lloyd’s of London. Once again she lost, but would soon be back. She was nominated five more times for Alexander’s Ragtime Band in 1939, The Rains Came in 1940, The Song of Bernadette in 1944, Wilson in 1945, and All About Eve in 1951. She only won the Oscar for Best Film Editing once, for Wilson.McLean remained with 20th Century Fox until her retirement in 1969. In that time, she was granted full authority over the studio’s film edits. In that era, film directors were not nearly as involved with editing, if they were involved at all. Director’s contracts had them working on their next production while editing had just started on their last project. McLean supervised all those edits. A 1940 issue of the Los Angeles Times declared,“Barbara McLean, one of Hollywood’s three women film editors, can make stars — or leave their faces on the cutting room floor.”Dorothy SpencerImage from Sheigh via FlickrDorothy Spencer began working as an assistant editor in 1924. By the late 1930s, she found herself employed at 20th Century Fox. In 1937 Spencer began co-editing with Otho Lovering. Together they collaborated on several features, most famously known for the work on John Ford‘s 1939 western Stagecoach. The film was also John Ford’s first collaboration with John Wayne. It was a massive success, garnering seven Oscar nominations, including Dorothy Spencer’s first Oscar Nomination for Best Film Editing. The film won Best Music and Best Supporting Actor. She would later collaborate with John Ford again on My Darling Clementine, which is still regarded as John Ford’s best western.In the 1940s, Spencer took on a solo editing role. It was then she first worked with director Alfred Hitchcock on Foreign Correspondent and Lifeboat. She then worked on four films with director Ernst Lubitsch, including his hit film To Be or Not to Be. In 1945 she edited A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, the feature film debut of legendary director Elia Kazan. As the 1950s rolled around, Spencer was quick to grab her second Oscar Nomination for Decision Before Dawn.By the 1960s, Spencer had already worked on 60 films. Her experience and skill would come to a test with the 1963 version of Cleopatra. The film was the most expensive movie ever made, and the director’s cut ran a whopping 320 minutes. When released in theaters, the film ran for just over 4 hours. Her work paid off, as Spencer received her third Oscar Nomination.She would continue editing an average of one film a year for the rest of her career. One of her final credits was the 1974 epic Earthquake. It was her seventh collaboration with director Mark Robson, which earned her a fourth and final Oscar Nomination. It was fitting that her last nomination reflected her first, a tremendous skill for editing action and suspense.Did you enjoy this piece? Would you like another installment on the role of women as editors? Let us know in the comments below.
Lighting a white cyclorama? These tips will help you get the classic look you’re going for in your next film or video projectOne of the most common tasks in video production is lighting a white cyclorama (or “cyc”) — a white backdrop. This timeless look can be difficult to master; however, with a few techniques, you can get the results you need.Let’s take a look.Distance Your SourcesThe first few times I tried lighting a white cyc, I was under the impression that you wanted to take your brightest sources and get them as close as possible to the white backdrop — to essentially blow it out — making it true white. However, I quickly realized that for a better-looking white background, a softer, more evenly cast light looks much better on camera, and you can do this by distancing the light from the backdrop. This approach will give your light a more even and appealing look. Essentially, just walk your light back for a more uniform spread, which will maintain a consistent exposure as the talent moves throughout the scene. Cover image via Marko Poplasen.Looking for more video production tips and tricks? Check out these articles.Stabilizing Your Camera Movement: Gimbals vs. SteadicamsProduction Tips: Working With a Color Checker on Your Next ShootAdd Flavor to Your Footage by Implementing Color ScienceFilmmaking Fads and Trends: Don’t Let Them Bother YouQuick and Easy Compositing Tips for Adobe Premiere Pro Don’t Forget ContrastWhen you’re lighting a white cyc wall, it can very easily turn into a flat image without any contrast. Our first instinct is to usually blast all the light we have onto the stage to see where it puts us. However, by adding contrast back into the image through lighting, you can help lift the scene.One production that did this well was the series of Heineken commercials with Neil Patrick Harris. Although the background is purely white and evenly exposed, the filmmakers still managed to create a nice degree of lighting contrast. All you need to pull this off is some negative fill. Always Use Soft SourcesSoft sources and lighting a white cyc go hand and hand. Shadows can be one of the biggest threats to lighting your white cyc. Shadows can quickly interrupt the infinite feeling and draw attention to the ground — or the background if the shadows appear on the walls. One way to avoid this is to incorporate very soft light sources with diffusion materials. When shooting on a white cyc, you’ll very rarely use raw sources of light.There are many ways you can create a soft source of light — no matter your budget. Whether that means using a soft box, a shower curtain, or even an 8×8 full grid butterfly, there are plenty of options out there to help you create a large soft source on any budget. ExperimentOverall, lighting a white cyc wall or backdrop is an exciting and fun part of the filmmaking process. Through trial and error, you can find the perfect way to create the best lighting for your next production. Then, by incorporating shape and contrast, you can take your project to the next level.
Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now We have a lot of ideas about how buyers buy and how we as sellers should sell. We collect and count data (mostly without capturing any context) and use it to show how buyers make thoughtful, rational, well-informed decisions. But mostly, as buyers, we aren’t as thoughtful or rational as we pretend to be. Mostly, we make emotional decisions and rationalize them after the fact.This week, Alan Greenspan, former Chairman of the Federal Reserve, made the rounds to promote his new book. With a sexy title like The Map and the Territory: Risk, Human Nature, and the Future of Forecasting, how could I possibly resist picking up? It wasn’t the title that got me. It was Greenspan’s admission that “animal spirits” have a greater impact on the economy as a whole, and that we aren’t ruled by “considerations of our rational long-term self-interest.” Greenspan wrote the book to suggest that animal spirits need to be considered when you look at whole economies.So how is this useful to you and me? You and I have known animal spirits underlie economic decisions for a long time. Our clients aren’t rational, decision-making creatures.Here are a few ideas Greenspan discusses in the book. I selected them specifically for the crossover into sales.Animal Spirits: John Maynard Keynes coined this phrase to mean “a spontaneous urge to action rather than inaction, and not as the rational outcome of a weighted average of quantitative benefits multiplied quantitative probabilities.”Purchasing agents use spreadsheets to try to rationalize buying decisions. No one else does. The weighting is done in their head and doesn’t have very much to do with mathematical equations.Fear and Euphoria: “We all directly experience threats to our self and our values (fear) and the sense of well-being or elation (euphoria) triggered in pursuits of economic interests. Fear, a major component of animal spirits, is a response to a threat of life, limb, and net worth.”People are motivated to move away from pain and towards pleasure. We move away from danger and towards security. In larger, complex deals, this matters a great deal.Time Preference: “Time preference is the self-evident propensity to value more highly a claim to an asset today than a claim to that same asset at some fixed time in the future. A promise delivered tomorrow is not as valuable as that promised delivered today.”The return on investment we promise needs to be sooner rather than later. We don’t act in our own long-term self-interest because we are focused on the here and now. Even (especially) your clients.Herd Behavior: “There is a universally observed human trait to follow a leader of some sort. It is driven by most people’s need to achieve the security (emotional and physical) of belonging to a group. It is arguably one of our most important propensities, second only to fear, and a significant driver of economic activity.”“The emergence of modern social media has only accelerated herd behavior.”“People in every society seek to improve their status in the pecking order of any organization.”Want to know why consensus is so important? Want to know why people go along and get along? We need to belong to a group. Want to know why some organizations are so political? It’s the pecking order. Welcome to the herd!Home Bias: “Home bias is the propensity to deal with the familiar: with people and things geographically close to home and familiar in terms of culture, language, and trust.”“A propensity related to the comfort and familiarity of trading with partners close to home is the emotional comfort we all sense in personal relationships that become familiar and predictable. The uncertainty that arises with strangers imparts a certain, if minor, stress that subsides with familiarity.”All things being equal, relationships win. Trust matters. Caring matters.Look at the opportunities that you are working on right now. Look at your clients. If you can’t see the animal spirits at work, then look deeper. We are human beings, and animal spirits is the deep stuff that drives our behaviors and beliefs.
Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Now It’s a mistake to rely too heavily on marketing.Give Me the Glengarry LeadsIt is a mistake to wait for your marketing department to deliver you leads. If you wait for your marketing team to develop your leads you are practicing the most dangerous strategy in sales: waiting.It doesn’t matter if marketing is supposed to generate leads or not. Your job is to create new opportunities and win them. The fact that marketing has not developed the leads that you need is not going to absolve you of your responsibility to win new business. And it may not save your job either.An over-reliance on marketing is dangerous. You’re far safer taking your fate into your hands by prospecting and developing your own opportunities. Marketing is the sprinkles on the icing on the cake.Nurture My Leads, PleaseIt’s also a mistake to believe that marketing can nurture your prospective clients for you. Our inboxes are full of marketing’s attempt to nurture relationships, and they end up filtered into a folder called “spam.” Because it isn’t personal, email filters believe the messages from marketing are spam. If marketing’s attempt to nurture your dream clients isn’t picked up by email filters, your dream client contacts believe it looks like spam and delete them.If you want to own the relationship, then you have to do the nurturing. The content that you use may come from marketing and certainly some of it should. But the message is different if it comes from you, regardless of what the content is. The message is different because you were thinking of your prospective client when you sent it. That means it’s personal, especially if you added your thoughts and insights to the content that marketing created.Marketing has an important role in the sales process. It’s above the funnel. It can create awareness. It can sometimes create a compelling case for change. Marketing can generate leads and share insights that help you create and win new opportunities. But you can do these things, too.An over-reliance on marketing is dangerous. You can succeed with or without marketing generating your leads for you or nurturing your dream client accounts.
Panaji: The Goa Chief Minister and former Defence Minister, Manohar Parrikar, on Friday said the “Kashmir issue” is not easy to resolve and advocated a “long-term policy” for it.Mr. Parrikar was speaking at a State government-organised function on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s 126th birth anniversary on Friday. ‘Discussions are spoilers’ He also said discussions on sensitive issues should be minimal. “There are some things on which discussions should be minimal. These things need to be made to happen instead. Discussions can be spoilers. The media asked me about some issues today morning. I asked them: do you want this thing to happen, or do you want it to become news?”Open discussions, according to Mr. Parrikar, bring multiple opinions to the fore and may become a hindrance in decision-making: “If you want something to happen, don’t discuss it too much in the news. When there is a discussion, one person says one thing, while someone else says something else.”He also said he wasn’t accustomed to New Delhi and there was “a lot of pressure” on him there.‘Shivaji is my guru’Mr. Parrikar also said Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is his political guru. However, he said worshipping icons is not enough. “I imbibe [Shivaji’s] qualities only as much as I can. I have to learn from his qualities. There is no point merely worshipping.” He added, “It is important to imbibe at least some of [Dr. B.R.] Ambedkar’s qualities. We cannot imbibe everything. If you did, you would become Babasaheb [Ambedkar] yourself.”
Stung by a series of scam charges and Income Tax raids against his family members, Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad on Friday declared that he would uproot the Narendra Modi government at the Centre “before it completes its five-year term.” He also accused the BJP of conspiring to tarnish his image through I-T raids and making “frivolous allegations” against his sons and daughter.“Listen, BJP/RSS people, Lalu will drag you off your seat in Delhi, whatever be my situation… Get this straight… don’t you dare threaten me,” tweeted Lalu Prasad. ‘Where’s the proof?’ On the recent Income Tax raids against his family members and others in connection with several “dubious” land deals, Mr. Prasad’s second tweet asked: “Chapa…Chapa…Chapa…Chapa…kiska Chapa? Kisko Chapa? Chapa to hum marenge 2019 mein…Main dusron ka hausla digata hun, mera kaun digayega (Raid…Raid… Raid… whose raid? Who is being raided? … I’ll do a raid in 2019…I make others nervous, who will make me nervous?). Mr. Prasad asked the media to name the 22 places where Income Tax officials had conducted raids. “How did they [the media] report without any verification or evidence,” he asked. Speaking to a select group of journalists in Patna, the RJD chief said the Modi government had completed three years. “But it’s not going to complete its full five-year term… The BJP has been conspiring to tarnish Lalu’s reputation… How can my family and I become super rich and others remain paupers .. It’s all part of a political conspiracy.” Mr. Prasad said he, his wife and two sons had been filing I-T returns and had also submitted affidavits on their assets to the Election Commission. “It’s all in the public domain.” Mr. Prasad said Mr. Modi was trying to divide the country. “But we won’t let him divide the country … I’m standing rock solid in their path.” Pan-India campaignThe RJD chief said he had called a “BJP bhagao, Desh bachao” rally in Patna on August 27. “I have invited top leaders of all non-BJP parties to my grand rally…leaders like Congress president Sonia Gandhi, H.D. Deve Gowda, Arvind Kejriwal, Mayawati, Akhilesh Yadav, Mamata Banerjee and Karunanidhi will attend the rally from where we will launch a pan-India campaign to uproot them [BJP] from the Centre,” Mr. Prasad said.He also raised the issues of beef ban and the volatile situation in Jammu and Kashmir. “Modi talks about beef ban, but in the last three years India has been the largest exporter of beef… In Kashmir, bodies of soldiers are being mutilated every day…Are these the real achievements of the Modi government?”
The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has arrested meat exporter Moin Akhtar Qureshi, a childhood friend of former CBI Director A.P. Singh, on money-laundering charges in a case registered against them by the Central Bureau of Investigation.The CBI has accused Qureshi of accepting money from several people for getting them favours from public servants and politicians holding key posts in the government.“During investigation, certain facts have emerged which constitute omission and commission on the part of certain public servants holding high positions in collusion with Qureshi. Huge amount of illegal money was found to have been transacted,” said the ED.Qureshi extorted crores from a Hyderabad businessman for the help provided. He was also found involved in ‘hawala’ transactions through Delhi-based operators for money transfers to Dubai and then to Paris, London, the U.S., Hong Kong, Italy and Switzerland.Messages collected from the Income Tax Department revealed that Qureshi had taken a huge amount of money from different persons for obtaining undue favours. The messages were exchanged between him, the accused in other criminal cases, and also the persons who wanted to seek undue favours from the other investigating agencies, the ED alleged. “This way, he obtained huge amount of money in the name of government servants and political persons holding public office. The said public servants illegally got the money for themselves or through their kin,” it said.An analysis of the messages retrieved from the mobile phones of Qureshi and his associates revealed that ‘hawala’ operators were allegedly used to transfer bribe money to different foreign locations, like France and the United Kingdom.The agency said that from the premises of another ‘hawala’ operator in South Delhi, huge amounts of unaccounted cash were seized in the same case.The ED is also probing the alleged foreign exchange rule violations by Qureshi, whom it has questioned multiple times in the past. In all, two cases under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act have been registered against him. He is already being investigated by the Income Tax Department under the new Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act.PTI adds..Mr. Qureshi has been questioned multiple times in the past by the agency, after it registered two FIRs under the PMLA. In the latest FIR against him this year, Mr. Singh has also been named.The earlier PMLA case against Mr. Qureshi was booked by the ED in 2015, based on an Income Tax prosecution complaint.The meat exporter is also facing probes by the I-T department and the CBI for alleged tax evasion, money laundering and corruption among others.The I-T Department is probing Mr. Qureshi under the new Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015 as probe led it to few foreign assets owned or held by the meat exporter and his family in an alleged illegal manner as they were not declared or reported to Indian tax authorities.The case emerged after the tax department first carried out searches against Mr. Qureshi and his firm in February 2014.
Rajasthan tables Criminal Laws Amendment Bill amid uproar The move has been severely criticised by the Congress and the National People’s Party (NPP) and senior BJP MLA Ghanshyam Tiwari. The Editors Guild of India too opposed the “harmful ordinance” and demanded its withdrawal.On Tuesday, Mr. Tiwari protested when he was not allowed to raise a point of order. He objected to Speaker Kailash Meghwal giving permission to the Home Minister for giving his statement during Question Hour. At the beginning of Question Hour on Tuesday, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Rajendra Rathore said Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje held a meeting of Ministers on Monday night to discuss the Bill and that the Home Minister would apprise the House of the development.The Home Minister said that prior approval of the President was sought before introducing the ordinance in September.On Monday, Independent MLA Manik Chand Surana raised the point that no approval of the President was attached with the Bill. As the Opposition MLAs rushed into the well of the House demanding withdrawal of the Bill, Mr. Kataria said the government would consider the suggestions put forward by the members. He then moved a proposal to refer it to the select committee. The proposal was passed by the Assembly. The select committee was asked to submit a report in the next session.The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017, seeks to protect serving and former judges, magistrates and public servants in the State from being investigated for on-duty action, without government sanction. It also bars the media from reporting on such accusations till the sanction to proceed with the probe is given by the government.Also Read Rajasthan Criminal Law Bill will check motivated complaints: Prasad Facing flak from various quarters, the Rajasthan government on Tuesday referred a controversial bill that seeks to protect public servants and judges from prosecution without its prior sanction to a select committee of the Assembly.Amid an uproar from the Opposition Congress, the Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill was tabled in the Assembly by Home Minister Gulabchand Kataria on Monday to replace an ordinance promulgated on September 7.Also Read
Facing severe criticism from several quarters over its failure to tackle the drug menace bedevilling the State, the Punjab government on Monday decided to recommend death penalty for drug peddlers and smugglers to the Centre. The Opposition parties, however, continued to lay the blame for dire drugs scenario squarely at the door of the Congress government.The Punjab Cabinet in its meeting held here, chaired by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, resolved to send a formal recommendation of death penalty for drug smugglers and peddlers to the Union government soon.An official statement said that State would also constitute a special working group under the chairmanship of Additional Chief Secretary (Home) N.S. Kalsi to review and monitor, on a day-to-day basis, the action being taken to check drug abuse.The Cabinet also took stock of the cases of deaths resulting from drug overdose, which Special Task Force chief H.S. Sidhu admitted to be a matter of concern. Mr. Sidhu suggested registration of all such cases to enable the identification and mitigation of risk factors, such as supply of spurious drugs and mixing of drugs with other death-causing substances.Leaders and workers of the Aam Aadmi Party held a sit-in demonstration in Chandigarh on the issue of rising drug menace in the State. AAP leaders Bhagwant Mann, Sukhpal Singh Khaira and Balbir Singh marched towards the residence of the Chief Minister but were stopped by the police. The protesters then staged a “dharna” and raised slogans against the government.“The Congress has failed to stop the drug menace in the State. A few influential police officers are part of the drug trade,” alleged Mr. Khaira, adding that a high court-monitored CBI inquiry is must in the case. He also demanded that the Chief Minister immediately call an all-party meeting. “Also a special session of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha on the issue of drugs should be convened,” he said.The Shiromani Akali Dal said that all Punjabis, rising above political affiliations, must fight the common enemy of drugs.
A 58-year-old Hajj pilgrim from Tripura’s Sipahijala district passed away at Mecca on Friday due to a cardiac arrest, a family member said. Abdul Saiyad, a resident of Srimantapur village in Sipahijala, had left for the pilgrimage on July 26 along with 150 others from the State. His son, Kamal Hussain, said Saiyad was taken to the hospital on Thursday night in Mecca after he complained of chest pain and uneasiness. He passed away on Friday at 5.45 a.m.He added that Saiyad was buried at a cemetery in Mecca. When contacted, Tripura Haj Committee chairman Md. Jasim Uddin said he will be visiting the house of Saiyad on Saturday. “We are deeply saddened by the death of Abdul Saiyad. I hope his family gets strength to cope with the loss.”
The Congress in Meghalaya, which had pushed for legal action against shutdowns during its rule five years ago, has abstained from nationwide Bharat bandh against fuel price hike.AICC’s Meghalaya in-charge Luzinho Faleiro said the party has not enforced the shutdown in the State in view of the Meghalaya High Court’s ruling against bandhs in 2013. The Gauhati High Court, too, had given a similar ruling.The Congress, though, has appealed to the civil society to support the bandh against fuel price hike by other parties including the Left. Congress leaders would be carrying out a protest march in State capital Shillong in the afternoon.The media in Meghalaya too did not carry news on bandh calls. This follows a high court ruling in May 2015 restraining the media from publicising the statement of organisations calling bandh, strike, hartal, road blockade and holding of rallies in State.“In case of violation of this order, the court may not only proceed under the Contempt of Courts Act, but it is also directed that the State government shall register criminal cases under appropriate provisions of the law,” the court had said.The court had later approved former chief minister Mukul Sangma’s plea to set up special courts to try cases related to shutdown calls. He had also pushed for compensation to be paid by organisations calling shutdowns.Elsewhere in the Northeast, the bandh evoked mixed response while it had no impact in Nagaland. There were no reports of violence during the first couple of hours of the shutdown.
A police constable was on Saturday killed and several others injured in Ghazipur district of Uttar Pradesh in stone-pelting after clashes broke out during a protest by members of the Nishad Party. Eleven persons were arrrested and several have been detained for questioning. There are over 90 persons named in the FIR, including 30 named as accused.Constable Suresh Vats was returning from his duty at the rally of Prime Minister Narendra Modi when the incident took place under the Nonhara area of the Purvanchal district. Yesh Veer Singh, SP Ghazipur, said the constable was killed when the protestors started pelting stones as the police were “trying to clear the roadblock” created by them. The protestors had blocked roads at four places near the venue, he said. The constable succumbed to his injuries.Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath took cognizance of the matter and announced an ex-gratia compensation of Rs 40 lakh to the family of the constable. He also directed the district magistrate and SSP to “take strict action against the unruly elements and immediate arrest and legal action against them,” a government statement said. Sanjay Nishad, president of the Nishad Party, demanded a detailed police investigation into the incident. “The BJP is trying to defame us with wrong allegations,” he said.Praveen Nishad, MP of Gorakhpur, and leader of the Nishad Party while talking to The Hindu said Nishad Party had no role in the violence. He claimed activists of the party were staging a peaceful dharna when members of the BJP who were returning from the rally in vehicles started chasing and attacking the Nishad activists.”Due to the attack, local villagers came to the support of our workers and this led to an altercation. The incident regarding the constable (stone-pelting) took place through the BJP workers,” said Mr. Nishad.The Nishads were demanding issuing of SC certificates for their caste under the name Majwar and implementation of a 2016 notifcation brought under the Akhilesh Yadav government, said Mr. Nishad. “The present government is not giving us the certificates even though it is still valid,” said the MP. Nishads are among the 17 most-backward castes in UP who have been over the years struggling for SC status.
Congress’ Gurugram Lok Sabha candidate and former Haryana Finance Minister Capt. Ajay Yadav has expressed confidence that he would emerge the winner, saying that the people had seen through the empty promises of the BJP and the Modi wave has also ebbed. The Congress had on Saturday announced the name of six Lok Sabha candidates for Haryana, including Capt. Yadav.Of the nine Assembly constituencies in the Gurugram Lok Sabha constituency, six are held by the BJP and none by the Congress, but Mr. Yadav said his party always had a strong presence and a dedicated vote bank in South Haryana. He said the election in 2014 was an exception as the people were swept away by the Modi wave, which he said has ebbed now.Capt. Yadav is pitted against BJP leader and Union Minister of State for Planning (Independent Charge) Rao Inderjit Singh, a former Congressman. The Aam Aadmi Party-Jannayak Janata Party alliance, announced two days ago, is yet to name its Gurugram candidate.Of the 27 Assembly constituencies in South Haryana, comprising Faridabad, Gurugram and Bhiwani-Mahendergarh Lok Sabha seats, the BJP holds 15 and Congress just four.Chosen over former Transport Minister Aftab Ahmed and ex-Chief Parliamentary Secretary Rao Dhan Singh — the other two candidates in fray seeking tickets from Gurugram — Capt. Yadav, the party’s most senior Ahirwal leader in the region, said Gurugram recently earning the dubious distinction of being the most polluted city in the world was the biggest “achievement” of the National Democratic Alliance government.‘No varsity campus’ “Under the BJP rule, Gurugram has ceased to be the most sought after IT hub. In five years, the BJP could not construct the campus for the State-run Gurugram University. It is still running from a college building as a stop-gap arrangement. We laid the foundation stone of the Defence University in Binola village, but it has not been completed. The announcement for AIIMS at Manethi in Rewari appears to be yet another empty promise,” said Mr. Yadav.